During Monsoon, in the flood prone area, the scarce resources for fighting flood and lack of weather prediction in the area leads to such a huge disaster. The recent monsoon floods in Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Gujarat & Andhra Pradesh took more than 200 lives and displaced more than 10 Lakh people. Floods and droughts have become a common phenomenon in India due to several factors such as climate change and deforestation. So, there is a need to ask ourselves whether India is really prepared to deal with natural disasters.
Even though we do not have control over natural disasters, human actions are increasing the frequency and severity of natural disasters. For example, deforestation, the encroachment of rivers and many other human mistakes contributed to climate change. And climate change is making natural disasters even worse.
What is Disaster Management?
Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters. The resources allocated and preparations held for tackling disasters or handling the aftermath of disasters occurred which can be collaborated through the help of government, public agencies, private organizations or NGOs etc.
The need of Disaster Management in India
2002 Bhuj Earthquake, Maharashtra Floods, Bihar Floods, Andhra Pradesh Floods every year numerous natural or manned disasters occurs in India which leaves Lakhs of people homeless and take thousands of lives. Effective disaster management strategies can prevent loss of lives and also economic loss. For example, we can divert excess water to water-deficient states to prevent floods. And we can build disaster-resistant buildings to prevent economic loss during earthquakes and cyclones. Not having Disaster management resources or improper disaster management not only costs more lives but also affect on country’s growth and for a growing country such as India, a irresponsive disaster management can cost high.
Dealing with Disasters
The complete disaster management cycle consists of 4 stages – Mitigation, Preparation, Response and Recovery
- Mitigation – Disaster mitigation measures prevent or reduce the negative impact of disasters. For example, seawalls are built to protect coastal areas from tsunamis.
- Preparation – Disaster preparedness helps people in preparing to deal with disasters. For example, conducting mock-drills, training people on protecting themselves and others in times of disaster.
- Response – Disaster response refers to immediate assistance in times of disasters. Moving people to safe areas, providing shelter and food to the affected people comes under disaster response.
- Recovery – Restoring the affected areas, rebuilding the livelihoods comes under disaster recovery measures.
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